For instance, death may be a topic for discussion and a way to communicate to the dead, especially if they are buried in a cemetery. The graveyard or tombstone becomes symbols for the individuals who died and are now remembered as alive during a visit. Sometimes, the topic of death is reversed and the thought of the coming end draws on symbols that comment on the unknown.
To aid in meaning making, imagery is a technique used by writers to assist readers to visualize an image by describing a smell, sound, or feeling. In Charles Olson’s poem, “Pacific Lament” (http://www.writerlylife.com/2006/06/poem-of-the-week-40/), the ocean is used as a metaphor for the violent death of William that the speaker refers to in the poem. These images are what set the mood of a poem and writers utilize them in order to have readers share a deeper feeling with the events put forth.
Similarly, symbols are objects or images that represent, or stand for, other things. A symbol is created when people agree to its meaning such as the octagon used for the ‘Stop’ sign or the skull on bottles that mean poison.