The following book titled, Teach Anyone to Read: The No-Nonsense Guide by Lillie Pope, PhD, is a great resource for teachers. The book provides a myriad of information about teaching students how to read and why.
Pope explains the difference between the traditional phonics (decoding or teaching of skills) and the whole language approach (sight word or balanced reading approach). Most of the time, students learn with a combination of the two, with an emphasis on sound, using all the senses. Importance is made to adapting to the student’s needs and having an open-minded, flexible, and prepared teacher that makes reading fun. She also differentiates between developmental (students first learning to read) and remedial learning (students exposed to reading but have not mastered).
The author mentions that expectations play a big role in the classroom. Students who succeed know the teacher expects them to work hard and mirror their positive attitude toward learning. One way is to practice the same skill in a different way with different materials. These include games, repetition, speaking skills activities, and writing. Providing choices and cutting back on distractions help students succeed.
Don’t hesitate to check out Pope’s book for more on reading and strategies to better prepare yourself to teach reading.